The Demonization of (Im)migrants:
Dust Bowl Refugees, the Supreme Court, and the Right to Travel

The Demonization of (Im)migrants:
Dust Bowl Refugees, the Supreme Court, and the Right to Travel

Join us for an engaging presentation by lawyer, legal scholar, and historian John S. Caragozian. In 1941, in Edwards v. California, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled on the constitutionality of California’s anti-Okie law, which, like Washington’s and other states’ laws, made it illegal to knowingly assist a pauper in entering the state.

Caragozian looks at the history preceding these laws, the Supreme Court case, and implications for the legality of cross-state border criminal enforcement today.

With special welcome by Chief Judge Ricardo Martinez and Incoming Chief Judge David Estudillo.

Moderated by Richard Rahm, Esq., DLA Piper.


WHEN: Monday, September 12 | 3:00 – 4:30 PM

WHERE: The U.S. District Courthouse* in Seattle at 700 Stewart Street (19th Floor) or virtually over Zoom.

*Please note that masking is required at all times inside the courthouse.

COST: In-person and virtual attendance is FREE!

1.5 hour WA or CA CLE sponsored by DLA Piper

Registration with or without the CLE add-on is now free to all attendees. See CLE Information>>


JOHN CARAGOZIAN is a California lawyer and is Emeritus Vice President and General Counsel of Sunkist Growers, Inc. He serves on the Board of the California Supreme Court Historical Society and writes a monthly legal history column published in the Los Angeles Daily Journal and San Francisco Daily Journal. Mr. Caragozian received an A.B. from U.C.L.A. and a J.D. from Harvard Law School.

RICHARD RAHM is a Partner in the Employment Practice Group at DLA Piper LLP (US) in its San Francisco Office. He is the immediate past President of the Board of the California Supreme Court Historical Society, and also serves on the Board of the Northern District of California Historical Society. Mr. Rahm received his A.B. from U.C.L.A., his M.Litt. from Oxford University, and his J.D. and Ph.D. from the University of California at Berkeley.


3:00 – 3:05: Welcome by Incoming Chief Judge David Estudillo

3:05 – 4:00: Presentation by John Caragozian

4:00 – 4:30: Q&A Session



CLE Materials Speaker Bios

VIRTUAL ATTENDEES: Please return after the program and fill out this form to request CLE credit.

CLE Verification

IN-PERSON ATTENDEES: Be sure to complete the attendance and evaluation forms during the event.


DLA Piper LLP (US) has been certified by the State Bar of California, Illinois MCLE Board, the Board on Continuing Legal Education of the Supreme Court of New Jersey, and the New York State Continuing Legal Education Board as an Accredited Provider. The following CLE credit is being sought:

  • California: 1.5 Credit (1.5 General, 0.0 Ethics)
  • Illinois: 1.5 Credit (1.5 General, 0.0 Ethics)
  • New Jersey: 1.8 Credits (1.8 General, 0.0 Professional Responsibility)
  • New York: 1.5 Transitional & Non-Transitional Credit (1.5 Professional Practice, 0.0 Ethics and Professionalism)

Thank you to our co-sponsor, the WDWA FBA!