Renowned constitutional law and legal history scholars discuss the reasoning in, events surrounding, and possibility for repetition of the U.S. Supreme Court’s decision in Korematsu and the related Japanese curfew cases. The panel discusses how civil liberties fare in wartime and how Korematsu influences judicial decisionmaking today. Moderated by U.S. District Judge Marilyn Hall Patel (Ret.), who vacated Korematsu’s conviction in 1983, this program is not to be missed.
WATCH THIS WONDERFUL PROGRAM ON OUR YOUTUBE CHANNEL!
Dean and Jesse H. Choper Distinguished
Professor of Law, Berkeley Law
William Nelson Cromwell Professor of Law, Stanford Law
Hon. Marilyn Hall Patel (Ret.)
U.S. District Judge
Chairman, California Appellate Law Group LLP
The Pioneer Courthouse Historical Society's annual program included a distinguished panel who discussed the Japanese American Incarceration during World War II and the legal and judicial legacies of the Incarceration.
Hon. Wallace Tashima. Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals
Hon. Susan Graber, Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals
Professor Lauren Kessler, University of Oregon, and author of Stubborn Twig
Executive Order 9066: Difficult Choices with Constitutional Dimensions
A panel discussion about the difficult choices Japanese Americans faced in response to their incarceration. Panelists reviewed constitutional questions
raised by the Executive Order and subsequent removal orders, citizenship renunciation considerations, and the Tule Lake protests, among other aspects
of this challenging period in our nation’s history.
This program featured:
United States District Judge Kimberly J. Mueller
Barbara Takei, expert and author on Tule Lake, and the CFO of the Tule Lake Committee
During WWI, the U.S. Government incarcerated nearly 120,000 Americans of Japanese ancestry, in desolate sites in the interior of the United States. Japanese
Americans in Hawaii lived under martial law. There is no one story of the impact these actions had on Japanese Americans, and their reactions to these
events and their stories are myriad and nuanced.
Special Guest Speakers:
Chief U.S. District Judge Virginia A. Phillips
Assistant Presiding Judge Kirk Nakamura
Filmmaker Stacey Hayashi
U.S. District Judge Marilyn Hall Patel, (ret.)
The NJCHS thanks those who came out to celebrate its mission and also heroes of the Japanese American Incarceration on its 75th Anniversary. We were honored to hear from Judges Tashima and Patel, as well as filmmaker Stacey Hayashi and actor, Chris Tashima and to see a sneak preview of their film “Go for Broke,” about the Japanese Americans who bravely served in the 100/442nd Infantry in WWII.
See the film trailer!
We Greatly Appreciate the Support of Our Gala Sponsors!
The NJCHS and the Kennedy Learning Center held a special program: Lessons of the Japanese American Incarceration during WWII, featuring speakers, Dr. Satsuki Ina and Marielle Tsukamoto.
Dr. Ina is professor emeritus, California State University, Sacramento. She has a private psychotherapy practice in Sacramento and Berkeley specializing in the treatment of trauma. She produced two award-winning documentary films about the Japanese American incarceration: Children of the Camps, and From A Silk Cocoon. Marielle Tsukamoto, has been a teacher and principal in Elk Grove. She is well-known throughout California and the nation for her work with Japanese American cultural groups. Marielle, the daughter of Mary and Al Tsukamoto, had her first experiences with cultural issues when she was 5 years old, when the Tsukamotos, along with 2,000 local Japanese Americans were taken from their homes and incarcerated in prison-like internment camps.This year marks the 75th Anniversary of Executive Order 9066. Under Executive Order 9066, nearly 117,000 persons of Japanese ancestry, citizens and permanent residents alike, were forced to leave their homes and belongings behind on two weeks’ notice, were transported to temporary “evacuation centers,” and then ultimately were sent to desolate camps in which they were forced to spend several years during WWII.
This program explored the root causes leading to Executive Order 9066, the experiences of those whose lives were so dramatically affected by it, as well
as challenges to the Order, and also looked at the long-lasting impact of the Incarceration and the difficult choices made by those who were incarcerated
– even across generations, as told through film clips from Dr. Ina's moving documentary, From a Silk Cocoon
On May 31, 2017, the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, the Ninth Judicial Circuit Historical Society, the Fred T. Korematsu Institute, and the Regional Network presented the moving program: Voices of the Internees.
This program marked the 75th Anniversary of Executive Order 9066 with personal stories of the WWII Incarceration of Japanese Americans and provided dramatic insight into the human impact of the Incarceration.
Don Tamaki, Managing Partner of Minami Tamaki LLP, and part of the legal team that reopened the landmark U.S. Supreme Court case of Fred Korematsu, moderated
the panel. Mr. Tamaki's parents met at the Topaz, Utah camp. On the panel with him was poet/playwright/actor and “No-No” Hiroshi Kashiwagi (Mr.
Kashiwagi had been interned at the Tule Lake Camp in California) and Naomi Sasaura (Ms. Sasaura was born in the Rohwer, Arkansas internment camp).
In November 2016, the NJCHS presented a program called Spinning Race, Citizenship and Fear on the Campaign Trail: a History, with a talk by Jack Tchen, NYU Professor and Co-Author of Yellow Peril!: An Archive of Anti-Asian Fear.
Political campaigns often target “others” as the reason for America’s problems. Often, those “others” have been immigrants. At the same time, such xenophobia has always been opposed. This program discussed the historical roots of immigrant bashing and lessons to be learned from the anti-Chinese campaigns of the 1870’s and the 1882 Chinese Exclusion Act (the impact of which was still felt until 1968).
It also discussed how, in the very halls of the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals building, Wong Kim Ark and fellow Chinese American litigants successfully fought for the same civil rights the Constitution provides to us all born on U.S. soil: United States citizenship. The event was well attended and lauded for its excellent subject matter.
The struggle to bring a federal courthouse to Orange County is the subject of a video project the NJCHS developed with the aid of District Judge Dave Carter. Filmed at the Santa Ana Courthouse, through interviews with Judges Manuel Real, Terry Hatter, Dickran Tevrizian, Gary Taylor, Andrew Guilford, Bankruptcy Judge John Ryan, Magistrate Judge Arthur Nakazato, and former Congressmen Jerry Patterson and Christopher Cox, this stunning video documents the successful efforts which led to the construction of the Santa Ana Courthouse.
The video was premiered at the Orange County Federal Bar Association meeting and was enthusiastically received.
The oldest active federal courthouse west of the Mississippi, Portland’s Pioneer Courthouse, was celebrated in a special program in October, 2014. Professor James Mooney of the University of Oregon School of Law recounted the life and career of Oregon’s first district judge, Matthew Deady to over 100 guests in the building’s courtroom.
The NJCHS engaged CWF Media to videotape the October 23rd program in its entirety for ultimate distribution to the Ninth Circuit and interested high schools. To obtain a copy of the videotape, please contact: NJCHS.ExecutiveDirector@gmail.com or call (415) 757-0286. Attendees were given copies of the special issue of Western Legal History devoted to the history of the courthouse. This special issue features an article on Matthew Deady, an oral history of Judge John Kilkenny, who led preservation efforts in the 1970s, an article by Circuit Judge Diarmuid O’Scannlain, and a historical photo essay.
In June 2013, in Los Angeles, the NJCHS and the California Supreme Court Historical Society co-sponsored a multimedia program exploring state’s rights and federalism as illustrated by notorious events in the life of California Supreme Court Chief Justice David Terry (1855-59).
The program was held in the Ronald Reagan State Office Building in Los Angeles, Over 150 attendees enjoyed the program, which featured judges from the U.S. District Court and the California Court of Appeal reading original documents about Terry’s duel with a U.S. senator, his 1856 clash with the San Francisco Vigilance Committee, and his 1889 assault on U.S. Supreme Court Justice Stephen Field.